Brasov (German: Kronstadt, Hungarian: Brasso) is the capital and largest city of Brasov county, Transylvania, Romania.

Brasov is located in the central part of the country, about 166 kilometres (103 miles) north of Bucharest.

It is surrounded by the Southern Carpathians and is part of the Transylvania region.

The Old Town, including the Black Church and main square or Council Square (Piaţa Sfatului), features medieval buildings in different architectural styles. Around the main square you can find the picturesque pedestrian-only Republicii street, the Black Church, former Council House, indoor and outdoor terraces and restaurants, the Orthodox Cathedral, Mureşan's House, the Hirscher House, the Strada Sforii and more.

The Brasov Council Square (Piaţa Sfatului in Romanian, former Marktplatzin German) obtained its right to held markets in 1520, but it has been the place for annual markets since 1364 being visited by merchants from the country and abroad. The houses surrounding the square speak of a rich history. A pillory, in the middle of the square, was used as a means for public humiliation, punishment and scorn. Witches were also punished here, but the head of the shoemaker guild, Stefan Stenert, who opposed the entry of the Austrian army into Braşov, was also beheaded here in 1688. Till 1892 there were two wells in the square. The most important building in the square is the Council House, which was built in 1420 and is located in the middle of the square.

Access Ways

Prahova Valley and Defile has represented a connection between Transylvania and Walachia as it is crossed by several railways that start in Bucharest and head towards the west and the north of the country (Arad, Oradea, Satu Mare, Baia Mare). Moreover, the European highway E60 goes towards Oradea - Hamburg; E85 through Oituz Defile, E64 from Brasov towards Talmaciu (Sibiu County).


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Climate

The climate is temperate - continental with small differences due to the high altitudes; in the southern part, in Prahova County, there is a microclimate of silvosteppe and in the northern part of the area the weather conditions are harsher and the winds are stronger. In Brasov depression, at Bod, on the 25th January 1942 the lowest temperature ever in Romania was registered: -38 degrees C.

Weather in Brasov

Historical vestiges
Brasov Fortress - built in 1395 by Sigismund of Luxemburg king of Hungary.

Fagaras Fortress - built in the XV th century, was a royal residence (Michael Viteazu lived here in 1599 - 1600) Feldioara Fortress - built by the Teuton Knights between 1211 - 1225.

Other historical vestiges: White Tower, Black Tower (Brasov), our house (1525 - 1528) - tower 58 m in height of the building dominates the downtown.

Bran Castle - built in 1377 - 1382 on a rock 60 meters, the castle was a military and administrative role. Associated with the myth of Count Dracula.

Churches and monasteries

Black Church, Brasov (1385 - 1477) - the name comes from its walls smutch after the great fire of 1689.

St. Bartholomew's Church - the oldest architectural monument in Brasov, built in 1223 in Romanesque style.

Sf.Nicolea Church Brasov - started in 1495, the commandment of Neagoe Basarab, construction works were completed after nearly a century.

ACCOMMODATION

Hotel Aro Palace 5*****
Eroilor Boulevard Nr 27 - 29, 500030 Braşov

Overlooking the Tampa Mountain and the medieval historic quarter of Brasov, the traditional Aro Palace Hotel faces the Central Park. It features spacious and luxurious accommodation and free internet access.

The rooms have air conditioning, cable TV and bathrobes. They are designed in warm colours and have carpeted floors.

Guests can sample Romanian and European cuisine at the hotel's restaurant and enjoy the views over Brasov's Citadel from the Belvedere Club, which is on Aro Palace's top floor.

The hotel's Night Bar is decorated with marble, wood and Art Deco elements. The chandeliers and large mirrors create a special atmosphere where guests can sip their favorite beverages.

Aro Palace Spa & Wellness Centre offers various treatments and beauty procedures. It features 2 swimming pools, saunas, massage areas and a gym.

 

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